Promoting feelings of value and worth in employees as well as opportunities to discuss tasks increases creative thinking.
Middle-aged women who sit for long periods of time (around 10 hours per day) are more likely to become frail with age compared with those who sit for shorter periods.
Recreational runners had a lower occurrence of osteoarthritis (breakdown of joint cartilage leading to swelling and pain) than competitive runners and non-runners.
When college science instructors use humor, students pay more attention to course content and have a greater sense of belonging. Instructors' jokes about science, college, and television are the most popular among students.
Traffic increases the density of particles released from exhaust gas. These particles can have detrimental effects on climate and urban air quality.
Plastic pollution affects Amazonian freshwater fish including carnivorous piranhas, which consume plastic debris in the river system. The majority of the debris found in their stomachs is from plastic bags, bottles, and fishing gear.
Children believe they can develop their intelligence more when their parents more strongly believe that failure is useful, compared to children whose parents believe failure is harmful.
For older adults, online shopping and social media use reduce the negative effects of functional disability (decreased ability to do everyday tasks) on well-being. Social media use also reduces loneliness.